LEARNING FROM KITE FLYING FESTIVAL FOR INVESTING IN EQUITY SHARES PART – 2

Last year at the same time, I wrote on Learning from Kite flying festival for investing in equity shares. This year I am going to release the sequel of my previous article 😉 and try to explain learning in a detailed manner.

Flash Back 😉

Kite as a businessManager

USPCompetitors

 

As we have seen the kite as a business, thread as a competitive advantage (USP), other kites as a competitor and consider the person who holds the kite as a manager/ a leader, who run the business.

Partner

The person who not only holds the kite but also the person who hold sets of thread (Firki) is also important. If he does not support well to the person who holds the kite, then going higher and higher become difficult.

Starting of Part – 2

 

Now, after a brief recap of my previous article; let me start with detail explanation.

A good kite also needs a wind to fly to the sky high. A skillful person who knows how to make the kite to fly well also cannot be able to push his kite to the sky high if there is not an availability of good wind flow. And also, if sun temperature is very high, then also a person cannot able to make a kite fly well.

Similarly, with the business,

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If the economy isn’t able to grow or growing at a very slower than business also cannot be able to grow much faster though business having a good manager. A good manager can able to sustain his business, but without good growth, the business can suffer.

sun

Similarly, if the temperature of the sun is very high means Interest rate among the economy is very high then it will become more difficult for the manager to expand the business.

As I am not going to write much about macro factors in the current article so let me move forward with details on a business level.

If we get a good kite with a skillful person who makes kite to fly well then,  

Huge wealth creator = Good Business + Good USP + Good Manager + Good Key Employee

Good business with a good USP can grow decently by itself also but additionally if it gets a good manager then this business, having a potential to become a huge wealth creator for us.

We can have a couple of examples of businesses such as Symphony Ltd, Eicher Motors Ltd. Piramal Enterprise etc.

Symphony Ltd.

sym

Symphony Ltd. Was established as a Symphony Comfort Systems Ltd. for manufacturing air cooler in the year 1988. And in 1990, the company expanded business to all over the India. Two years after launch, the Symphony had become a national brand. After the IPO in the year 1994, the company expanded its product portfolio Water heaters, room heaters, flour mills, water purifiers, air conditioners, washing machines and exhaust fans but none of the products succeeded excerpt air cooler. Due to this reason, the company falls under BIFR [Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction] company in the year 2001.After BIFR, the company exited from all the diversification and continue to focus on Air cooler business. In the year 2008, company turnaround and acquired International Metal Products Co (IMPCO). Currently, the Symphony has ~50% of the market share in organized residential air cooler market (From AR 2015-16).

(For detail story of Symphony Ltd. Kindly visit – http://www.forbesindia.com/article/my-learnings/symphonys-achal-bakeri-on-how-to-make-your-company-great/33504/1

And lecture of Achal Bakeri https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgAkbY5uEbBS6XqDX6mxYMABSFYSt8WJj )

Eicher Motors Ltd.

eicher

Royal Enfield, a brand of Eicher Motors Ltd. has faced the much troublesome period in the past. Demand was low with sales barely crossing 2,000 units a month against the production capacity of 6000. And additionally, The Eicher Motors management did not see value in the box. Currently, Royal Enfield contributes ~40 percent of Eicher Motors’ turnover, ~80 percent of its operating profit (EBITDA).

Such huge turnaround was made by Mr. Siddhartha Lal, who is passionate about bike riding. Mr. Siddhartha Lal had asked for 2 years from his father Mr. Vikram Lal for turnaround Royal Enfield.

In bikes, he suggested changes such as a shift to an aluminum unitary engine with the gears and the engine as a single unit, disc brakes placed on the right and an electric starter were introduced. Mr. Siddhartha Lal also changed the way the bikes were sold—from rickety, basic, even dirty shops in dingy by lanes to state-of-the-art showrooms.

 

(For detail story of Eicher Motors Ltd. Kindly visit – http://www.forbesindia.com/article/super-50-companies-2015/eicher-motors-its-all-in-the-drive/40705/1

And Weekender Episode 17 Siddhartha Lal part- 1, part- 2 & part- 3.

 

If we get a kite which is not much good but with it a skillful person who make kite to fly well then,

Wealth Creator = Bad Business + Good Manager

If we get a bad business, having a good manager, then also that business can able to create a wealth for us. A good manager can able to make a business better for the long-term horizon.

Bharti Airtel

ba

Sunil Mittal, a founder of Bharti Airtel has started his 1st venture of manufacturing bicycle parts in Ludhiana at the age of 18. After He sold off his bicycle business, he started importing Suzuki Motor’s Electric Power Generators from Japan. This business was going well and Mr. Mittal started to make profits out of it. But as an Indian government banned the importing of gene sets, he has to stop this business. After falling of Generator business, he started with the marketing of telephones, various fax machines under the brand Beetle. In the year 1992, he got a chance to bid one of the four mobile phone network licenses auctioned in India; and in the year 1994-95, he launched AirTel under Bharti Cellular Limited (BCL). Within a few years, Bharti AirTel became the first telecom company in India to reach 2 Million subscriber point.

Bharti Airtel has a business which is highly capital intensive in nature. Business requires the constant investment of capital for purchasing spectrum, such as 2G, 3G, 4G and more, also for upgrading the network, maintenance of network, high government regulations, and huge competitions. Telecom business itself is a very tough business and Airtel survives as a market leader.

telcoms

(For detail story of Bharti Airtel Ltd. Kindly visit – http://www.startuparchive.com/bharti-airtel-success-story/ )

 

BUT, what happens when we get a good kite but with the unskillful person? The kite gets torn

Wealth Destroyer = Good Business + Good USP + Bad Manager

 Balaji Telefilms Ltd.

balaji

The Indian television market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 15.50% to reach US$ 15.20bn in 2019. Balaji Telefilms is one of the largest production houses across India, South Asia, South East Asia and the Middle East is delivering Hindi and regional content. The company has produced many hit TV shows such as Kyunkii…Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi, Kahaani Ghar Ghar Kii, Kasauti Zindagi Kay, Jodha Akbar, Pavitra Rishta, Bade Ache Lagte hai etc. company also has produced many hit movies such as Kyaa Kool Hai Hum, Shootout at Lokhandwala, Shootout at Wadala, Lootera, Once Upon a Time in Mumbai Dobaara, Shaadi Ke Side Effects and Ragini MMS-2, The Dirty Picture, Ek Villain etc.

loan-given

interest-income

In Fy15, Company has given interest-free loan and in FY16, an approximate company gets 8.30% interest income.

remneration-pat

In FY16, Company has posted Rs.2.80 Cr of Net Profit in FY16 and remuneration took by management was Rs.6.72 Cr in FY16.

 

AND, also both kites are not good and the person is also unskillful to make kite to fly then

Huge wealth Destroyer = Bad Business + Bad Manager

This one is a deadly combination and one should avoid such investment. Such investment can become our biggest mistake.

Bhushan Steel Ltd.

bhushan

Bhushan Steel is a sixth-largest steel manufacturing company as per capacity of 2.2 million tonnes (mt) in India. Steel consumption is highly cyclical in nature and also depended on the economic and industrial conditions worldwide and for the regional market.

bhushan-cfo

Over the last 9 years, the Company has generated cash flow from operation of Rs.9192.68 Cr and required to invest Rs.28957.62 Cr. So, that company needs to fund expansion by taking additional debt; and debt of the company increases from Rs.5718.14 Cr in FY08 to Rs.44477.93 Cr in FY16.

In August-2014, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) arrested vice-chairman of Bhushan Steel, Mr. Neeraj Singhal, on charges of bribing SK Jain, chairman of Syndicate Bank for taking a bribe of Rs 50 lakh for increasing credit limit of some companies in violation of banking rules.

conclusion

Sources: Moneycontrol, Moneylife, Forbes India, Equitymaster, mint, screener etc.

15939-Charlie-Munger-Quote-The-difference-between-a-good-business-and-a.jpg

—- Charlie Munger

Disclaimer: Businesses discuss in this article is not a recommendation to Buy-Sell-Hold. And I am not a SEBI registered research analyst.

LEARNING INVESTMENT LESSONS FROM MOVIE “Dangal”

Previously I wrote learning investment lessons from movie “3Idiots” and “Rajneeti”. Now, I am going to write few investment lessons from another super-hit movie “Dangal”. Dangal movie having a very inspirational story and as well as many lessons which we can implement in our life & in an investment.

  • Investment journey is also full with struggle

Wrestling can give medals and fame but doesn’t provide intermediate cash inflow which is required for living life. This has affected the game of Amir Khan, his wrestling career and he has to start doing a job.

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At the initial stage, Investment journey is also as difficult as wrestling show in a movie. When we are constructing our portfolio at that time our portfolio is smaller in size. So, that it will not help us with huge dividend as intermediate cash inflow which can helpful for living our life.

  • Events are not always as per our expectations

In the movie, it shows that Amir Khan wants a son for fulfilling his dream, but actually, he got 4 daughters. So, that every time events don’t occur as we want it to occur.

02

As similarly in investments, events don’t always occur as per our expectations. For example, if we have made position in any logistic stock by focusing on GST then we expect that GST gets passed and get implemented. But as we have seen GST get postpone many times. So, that we also have to face for the unexpected events can occur in our life and also in the investment field.

  • Har woh cheej joh inka pehelwani se inka dhyaan hatavegi… main usse hata diyon (I will eliminate anything that deflects their attention from wrestling.)” Avoid noise

When 1st time Amir Khan doesn’t get son as per his expectations, all villagers had started providing advice to him. But he realizes that nothing has happened after following all pieces of advice of different people. Also, many a time, Geeta and Babita had argued regarding their long hair, tiredness, body pain, cannot able to focus on study, etc. but Amir Khan has always found ways from it. We should not stop our journey though obstacles keep on coming.

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The same happens with our investment field. When we start building a portfolio or researching on any of the business, people start providing an advice. We should differentiate between noise and a true information. If we keep focusing on noise and get trapped, then, at last, we also don’t get anything as per our expectations.

  • Don’t lose hope

Amir Khan disappointed when his wife gives birth to four daughters. He gives up his dream thinking that girls cannot wrestle and lose hope of fulfilling his dream to win gold (Award) for the country. But one unexpected incidence – when his older daughters, Geeta and Babita come home after beating up two boys, help him to realize that girls also can become a wrestler.

05

As similar, whenever we don’t get the stock for investment, then we also get disappointed. But actually, we should not lose our hope and keep researching on the businesses, we might get one good investment opportunity after studying numbers of businesses. Also, when we have made position in the stock with some assumptions and those assumptions turn out into reality but might be at a lower speed. Then also we should not lose our hope any hurry to exit from our position; one moment can able to change the entire result.

  • “Medalist pedh pe nahi ughte … unhe banana padta hai … pyar se, mehnat se, lagan se (Medalist don’t grow on trees … you have to nurture them … with love, with hard work, with dedication)”

Since becoming a wrestler, Geeta and Bbita have to do a strong exercise and hard work. They regularly wake up at 5:00 o’clock in a morning and start doing exercise. Their regular efforts make them successful.

06

Same happens with investment field also. We also need to put a continuous effort, continuous reading of Annual Reports, business/ industrial magazines, etc. our regular efforts with discipline only help us to become a successful investor. We also need to make an effort in developing our investment process and philosophy.

  • Don’t focus on what people think

We have seen in the movie that people have started talking regarding Amir Khan when he had started coaching Geeta and Babita in wrestling. Many a time people laugh at him and also Geeta & Babita has to face such teasing from people.

07

When we pick up any stock for research or make position in any of the stock than many people start to laugh at us; might be start teasing us. But we have to stick towards our process and philosophy without getting disappointed from the comments of people. We should know that what we are doing and having a full understanding of it.

  • Dangal ladne se pehle dar se ladna padta hai (Before you fight you need to fight with your fear) and Practice brings confidence

Initially, Geeta and Babita feel fear for wrestling and not ready for a fight. Geeta loses her 1st wrestling match also. But after that, she gets motivated and asks her father for the next match. Geeta won many matches with confidence. Continuous practice brings such confidence to her.

08

Initially, we also feel the fear that what happens to our investment? If stocks fall from our buying, then what happens? Am I ready for making an investment? We also need to stick to our process and philosophy. It might be possible that our initial investment ideas could be our biggest mistakes, but continuous practice can bring confidence under us. And confidence can push us to become a successful investor.

  • Never be overconfident

After winning a national championship, Geeta went to institute and she begins to disregard the discipline she has been brought up with. When Geeta visited her home, she is determined to show her father, she can wrestle well without his techniques. Geeta finds herself losing every match as she is not following her father’s techniques or she is not fully focused on wrestling (painting her nails and growing her hair long).

Same happens with our investment field. We easily get overconfident in the market. When we invested, stocks start running, we should always analyze the reason for such run up; rather think that stock runs because we have a position. The stock never knows that we are holding it or not. We always need to stay humble and stay focused towards our process.

quote-failure-comes-from-ego-greed-envy-fear-imitation-i-have-success-not-because-i-am-smart-warren-buffett

  • “Geeta ka natural game attacking hai, apne technique ke chakkar me fasake uska game hi ulta kar diya. Yu to wohi baat ho gayi ke Sehwag ko bola jaye bhai tu Dravid ki tariyah khel. Na Sehwag reh jawega aur na Dravid ban pawaga. (Focus on our natural game)”

Geeta’s coach’s training differs significantly from her father’s techniques. Geeta believes her coaches’ techniques are better and that her father’s techniques are outdated. But those new techniques have changed the natural game of Geeta. And Geeta lost matches.

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Similar to the investment, as and when we get diluted our focus from our original philosophy and investment style which is suitable for us; from that time, onwards our investment career also having a tough period started. We should focus on investment style suitable to us rather try to copying style of others.

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(Source: SafalNiveshak: The Wisdom of Intelligent Investors (Special E-Book))

  • “Kehne ko toh ek round sirf do minute ka hota hai … par socha jaave toh do minute mein 120 second hote hai … us ek second ka intezar kar jab samne wala galati kare (To say, there are only two minutes in a single round … but if you come to think of it, there are 120 seconds in two minutes … wait for that one second when your opponent makes a mistake)”

By this dialogue, Amir Khan wants to say that Geeta should focus on the game and do attack when the opponent makes a mistake. She cannot able to get points in every second, but she should attack a right time.

As similar to this, we should always wait for the right opportunity to come, rather run for catching up all opportunities around us. We should keep in mind that we cannot able to catch each and every opportunity around us so that we should wait for the right opportunity to come toward us.

hm

(Source: The Most Important Thing by Howard Marks)

SIMPLE IS BETTER – ISSUE -3 – EXPECTATION V/S REALITY

In issue 3, I am going to talk about distinguish between expectations and reality.

The majority of our acts is results of our expectations. We take many steps for fulfilling our expectations. Expectations always play a vital role in our life.

If we keep our expectation low/ reasonable then we can able to achieve more in reality and that help us to stay happy. We should keep in mind that we can able to achieve what we have expected but many a times results will not be in a way what we have actually expected.

For Detail Issue, Click here —> SIMPLE IS BETTER – ISSUE -3 – EXPECTATION V/S REALITY

SIMPLE IS BETTER – ISSUE -2 – POWER OF COMPOUNDING IS EVERYWHERE

In this 2nd issue, I am going to explain compounding, its effect and most importantly essentials for taking benefits of compounding in more detail.

Actually, many of us live life with a belief in our mind that compounding is only related to investment field (I was also in same belief). But when I thought about my life then I come to know that “Power of Compounding is Everywhere”. This power has performed a huge role in my life. According to me, from the our born to our current life and also in future, we have experience effects, benefits and entire process of compounding in our life.

Power of compounding beyond our imagination and this power can able to creates a huge miracle.

albert-einstein-quote-on-compounding-interest

For Detail Issue, Click here —> SIMPLE IS BETTER – ISSUE -2 – POWER OF COMPOUNDING IS EVERYWHERE

SIMPLE IS BETTER – ISSUE -1 – BASIC NEEDS V/S ESTEEM NEEDS

Dear Friends,

I learn many things in my life and keep on learning much more. But one common thing which I learn is “Keep things simple”. We have many complications in our life and if not, then we create it. But according to me, keep things simple is actually more complex. My Guru always mentioned that “Simpler the things, more better it is.” From today (Auspicious day of starting of new Samvat 2073), I am going to start series of articles with title of “Simple is Better”.

I am dedicating My first issue of series “Simple is Better” to my Gurus and to all who having influence in my life directly or indirectly. So, that I am going to post my few of learnings from my Gurus in my first issue.

As a many people, I also have seen dreams to buy big home, car, other precious things and most important to achieve financial freedom from my childhood. This is a common dream of every common man. Many common men can’t able to fulfil their common dreams and then argues that fulfilling our dreams are very difficult to impossible.

For Detail Issue, Click here —> SIMPLE IS BETTER – ISSUE -1 – BASIC NEEDS V/S ESTEEM NEEDS

NILKAMAL LTD ANNUAL REPORT REVIEW FY15-16

Nilkamal Ltd.

NILKAMAL’S CORE BUSINESSES

  • Material Handling Solutions
  • Moulded Furniture
  • Nilkamal Mattrezzz
  • Nilkamal Home Ideas, the Home Furnishing Store
  • @home, the Mega Home Store Retail Chain

Company manufacture and sell over 1.4 Million plastic molded chairs in Indian markets, along with sofas as well as ready to assemble furniture too.

Annual Report Review FY2015-16

Disclaimer: This is not a recommendation to Buy-Sell-Hold. And I am not a SEBI registered analyst.

SAREGAMA INDIA LTD. ANNUAL REPORT REVIEW

Saregama stretches back over a century to 1901. Formerly known as The Gramophone Company of India Ltd. and more popularly as HMV (His Master’s Voice), Saregama was established as the first overseas Indian Branch of Electrical & Musical Industries Limited (EMI), London. From producing the first song recorded in India in 1902 by the star of yesteryears, Gauhar Jan, to creating strong inroads into the production of cinema and television content, digital retailing, aggregation, radio programming and events, Saregama has evolved into one of India’s premier entertainment content companies.

Annual Report Review FY2015-16, FY2014-15.

Disclaimer: This is not a recommendation to Buy-Sell-Hold. And I am not a SEBI registered analyst.

PIRAMAL ENTERPRISES LIMITED ANNUAL REPORT REVIEW 2015-16

Piramal Group is a diversified conglomerate having three virtual companies – Financial Services (28% revenue contribution), Healthcare (54% revenue contribution) and Information Management (18% revenue contribution).

Company has shown indication for the demerger of businesses in future. Business had done many acquisitions but important is that also sold non-core businesses also. Mr. Ajay Piramal having a good track record with capital allocation, with acquisitions and one of the shareholder friendly promoter.

Annual Report Review FY2015-16, FY2014-15.

Disclaimer: This is not a recommendation to Buy-Sell-Hold. And I am not a SEBI registered analyst.

INDO COUNT INDUSTRIES LTD. ANNUAL REPORT REVIEW 2015-16

Indo Count Industries Ltd. manufacturing  Bed Sheet Sets, Pillow Cases, Duvet covers, Comforters, Window Covering and Hospital Linen. Brand of company presence in all the major markets like UK, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Scandinavia, Israel, Canada, Chile, Japan, South Korea, etc.

Clients and brand partners of the Indo Count—

Customers

Indo Count Industries Ltd. Annual Report Review FY2015-16, FY2014-15, FY2013-14. (Kindly download  Annual Report for reading comments).

Disclaimer: This is not a recommendation to Buy-Sell-Hold. And I am not a SEBI registered analyst.

What is Capital Dilution???

Dear Friends, capital dilution is one of the most crucial parameter to analyze any company. And also shows the ability of management to run business. So it is essential for us to understand what is capital dilution.

 

“Dilution is a reduction in the ownership percentage of a share of stock caused by the issuance of new stock.”Investopedia

 

As per above definition, we can say that if we holding 1% of ownership in any company then that will reduce by dilution of capital.

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So that due to dilution, partners in business will raise and ownership in business will falls.

Business which needs frequent capital to invest in the business then management having only 2 alternatives to raise fund; one is bringing debt and dilute capital.

Dilution of capital can provide good advantage to business in a good time but that dilution becomes curse for the business in a worst situation.

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As we have seen in above example that company generated additional Rs.5 cr of profit but due to dilution that profit share got reduced. So for getting additional profit share, business need to generate above average profit. Due to increase in number of partner per share profit (EPS) will falls, which is negative for the owners of the business. In listed company, we as minority shareholders are an owner of the company. And dilution (increase number of partners) are negative for us.

By studying Cash flow statement, we can come to know about issuance of new capital.

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Also when we check notes on share capital then also we can come to know the number of shares issued by the company.

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Also Earning Per Share (EPS) gets diluted by issuance of new capital.

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Thus, we have to be very careful with the business and management who frequently dilute capital for any purpose.