Equity Investment is as similar as a Human Life

This article born at the train yesterday when I was coming back to Surat from Mumbai after attending wonderful seminar of Dr. Vijay Malik Sir. A good utilization of spare time which I got at train.

Yes, there are some of the similarities between our life and stock market or equity investment. Our life is as similar as we make an equity investment.

I basically try to encourage equity investment and sharing my learning in simple manner as much as possible.

As I always consider our life and equity investment in a similar manner. But I got inspiration to write this post from article (15 unknown flops of successful people) which I read few days back.

From that article I inspire to connect dots and try to explain that our life is as similar as an equity investment.

 

So how there is a connection between Human Life and Equity Investment????

Let me take examples of few successful persons.

1) Steve Jobs

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One of the person whose life has impact on my life. We know him today as a very successful person but have we check that how was his earlier life when he was struggling.

In today’s world, we known him as a highly successful person but in his previous life, he also got many shock. And he fights against those shocks and run for his dreams.

We never try to focus on the pain which any successful person faced.

S.Jobs Life

Let me take one another example of our most favorite person in the investment field.

2) Warren Buffett

warren

We currently seeing him as a very successful person. But what about the pain he faced in his earlier life.

WB

You all might thinking that at investment blog why I talking about philosophical talks. So let me give you an examples of few successful stories from our investment world.

1) Infosys

We everywhere found that Infosys is one of the biggest wealth creator. But my dear friends have we check pain which company faced at different phase of its life cycle.

IPO of company got withdrew from market due to not reached at minimum subscription. Anyone had an idea at that point of time about the company which rejected by everyone and that becomes biggest wealth creator.

INFY

If we look at above chart of Infosys, then we can come to know that many a times price of the stock goes down with many of reasons such as IT bubble burst, 2008 crisis, Narayan Murthy resign, etc.

2) Wipro or Eicher Motors

Wipro

EM

See the wealth creators, all stocks having some down moves in stock prices. That can be with any of the reasons such as global crisis, recession, internal problems. But the good company with good jockey can come out of from all such problems and able to create wealth.

So try to connect dots with my above example of Steve Jobs and Warren Buffett with this stocks stories.

Do you able to make sense?

Let me explain my view point. The people who got failed at some point of time in their life but becomes huge successful by fighting against their failure.

As same as many good companies facing trouble at some point of time and try to fight against those problem and try to come out of those problems.

If we have make an investment in such a good companies our life also become successful.

Just leave these big names; highly successful people and put ourselves in place of them.

We also faced many problems in our life. From our childhood to our current life. Every day we are facing many events. Some events make us much happier and some make us unhappy.

So with happier events graph of our life goes up and with unhappy events graph of our life goes down.

So as similar as daily movements in the stock price. When we are not focusing on our own daily behavioral fluctuations then why we are much seriously focus on daily price fluctuations of the company???

As with the unhappy moods, we don’t stop living our life then why with some down price moves, we ready to take an exit from our stock investment???

As we are comparing our life’s progress at some intervals as similar to that we should compare performance of the company at some intervals rather focusing on daily price moves.

If I try to put our minutes to minutes’ behavior in graphical format, then it also looks as similar as price moves of the stocks.

Our life

Then why we are not ready with similar kind of behavior with stock investment.

We are not feeling risk by making many decisions related to our life but feel risk when it’s comes at an equity investment. What a funny behavior!!!!

According to me, actually our behavior having much more fluctuations compare to fluctuations in stock price.

The main problem is that we are not focusing on fluctuations in our life.

We take monetary fluctuations at a more serious manner then fluctuations in our own life.

So my purpose of writing this post is that equity investment is also as similar as our life which we are living. Thus, handle it as similar as we are handling our life. Also provide time to your investment as time we are living our life.

If we are ready with providing other chance to our life, then should also be ready with same kind of behavior with our equity investment.

But in actual manner, we are not doing it. We focus on very smaller fluctuations and make our decision based on those smaller fluctuations.

If we think on a longer horizon, then might found our such behavior as a very foolish.

So now at last conclusion time I just want to mention that as we provide motivation to our life when adverse events happened with us as similar with the equity investment, we should try to add additional fund when good company facing adverse time in form of motivation.

This additional motivation creates real difference and that decides rather we become successful or meet failure. Rather we become another Steve Jobs, Warren Buffett, Bill Gates, Henry Ford, Richard Branson or die as an unknown personality. As our investment becomes successful or we just become spectacular to watch wealth creation by other people.

So treat our equity investment as similar as our life and keep motivate our investment with additional funds when we get an opportunity to build good wealth.

Bonus

Friends keep motivate our good investment not our bad investment otherwise at the end we keep facing problems.

KFA

Stay away with such a bad horse with bad jockey or else we have to suffer a lot.

Loser

And at last we regret on our own decisions.

Disclaimer: The stocks discuss in above article is only for an example purpose. This is not a recommendation to Buy-Sell-Hold. And I am not a SEBI registered analyst.

What is RoE (Return on Equity)? And Why always consider debt when calculating RoE?

Dear friends,

Let me try to explain Return on Equity in a simple manner.

What is RoE (Return on Equity)?

“Return on equity measures a corporation’s profitability by revealing how much profit a company generates with the money shareholders have invested.” — Investopedia

Return on Equity = Net Income/Shareholder’s Equity

That means in a simple manner % return which we earn by making profit from amount which we have invested, our own money.

ROE

If I had put Rs.100 in bank FD and on that Rs.100, I get Rs.8 then my RoE (%) on that particular investment is 8%.

Higher the RoE (%) means we can able to generate higher profit by utilizing our funds. So that incremental profit generation helps us for fulfilling our wishes and also can able to secure our future also.

The same concept applies with company’s RoE (%).

RoE16

Higher the RoE (%) means company can able to generate higher profit by utilizing their funds. So that incremental profit generation helps to the company to survive for the longer period of time and also can able to make good wealth creating decisions.

Always high RoE (%) is good and should believe it blindly ????? And not to believe it blindly then why?????

Now, question is why always consider debt when calculating RoE????

What is debt?

“Debt is an amount of money borrowed by one party from another.” (Investopedia)

A debt arrangement gives the borrowing party permission to borrow money under the condition that it is to be paid back at a later date, usually with interest.

Means borrowing Rs.100 with conditions to pay back with Rs.110, if 10% interest rate.

Let me explain 3 different situations with an examples —

MA

MB

MC

So that with a higher debt level, RoE (%) shows higher because of lower level of own fund and profit is excess of interest payment. But what if odds get wrong.

Risk and uncertainty never comes to us with prior intimations. So we must have to be very careful.

Sometimes its happen that we stay lucky enough to not faced risk in our life time but surprise and shock happens as it never happens before.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQs47IT-d78

Now, let me take an example with the situation where surprise come and start earning low profit —

MA1

MB1

MC1

MD

Thus, as company or an individual who having higher level of debt then they only benefited till negative surprises not come to their life. But as negative surprises start coming then survival become a question mark for the companies as well as the individual.

This is only the reason why we try to select business having no debt because if worst happens then also business can able to survive.

md1

And if we found business with debt then must need to check earning and interest payment situation. Earning must be much higher then interest payment; so that can chances to survive with the worst situations.

md2

Bonus

Same we do also in the stock market —-

We forget worst scenario when surrounding us all happens good and start believing that

this-time-is-different_b

But my dear friends, time is always the same.

And then result of believing this time is different is —

Just one single moves enough to destroy us if we have built our portfolio on leverage or play with stock market with leverage.

Time always remain same; it’s a pendulum so not focus on making early huge returns which can cause to destruction of your life.

Inspired by — Safal Niveshak and Fundoo Professor

 

Pat Dorsey Moats

On 17th January 2016, I got an opportunity to address one group of investors. I am so thankful to all my friends who provided me such an opportunity.

Investor Philosophy – Pat Dorsey

This presentation (Click here Pat Dorsey) based on what I learned from Pat Dorsey and about his philosophy.

S1

S2

Company A earns High profit / High Return on Capital that attracts many players to the same industry; which resulted in a higher level of competitions. Higher competitions affect to the margins of the company A and continuously increasing competition affects to the earnings of the company A. and if company A doesn’t have any Competitive Advantage then the business of company A can be in problem.

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So the question is what is the competitive advantage?

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Now, let me explain with a simple example that how USP helps.

S5

Above all are benefits of having a strong USP of Rajinikanth. Now, compare these benefits to the business class.

S6

So before understanding, what is the competitive advantage? I explain what can not be a competitive advantage?

If a company cannot able to raise the price of the products/services then we should understand that there is an absence of competitive advantage. (Eg.: – ITC Ltd. – Budget imposes the duty on cigarette but company easily able to pass those costs to the customers and that’s the reason for the survival of the company in adverse situations.)

S7

We can easily able to recall brands. Meggie is becoming synonyms for noodles, Fevicol becomes synonyms for adhesive, and Colgate is becoming synonyms for toothpaste.

Also, the company which has the ability to change consumer behavior that Amazon has done (From traditional bookstore to online bookstore).

S8

Patents & Licenses can be useful for protecting the interest of business (not considering strong moats because after the expiry of patents other companies also can able to register it and licenses can fall in the compliance risk).

S9

Any psychological barrier or any cost associated with a switch from using current product/service to other product/service.

S10

As the addition of new users make the network more and more strong and replicating such model becomes very difficult.

S11

Low-cost producer compares to other players in the same industry.

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Wide and strong moat resulted in the long-term Return on Capital generation and if absent of moat not able to provide long-term Return on Capital to the business.

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Bad managers destroy business for own enjoyment and ambitions.

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Now, what to select and what to avoid is up to us. If we able to select good business with the good manager then wealth creation become more effective. That is like the good horse with the good jockey that can able to win a race.

For more details, Kindly check — Part 1 , Part 2

Inspired by — Pat Dorsey Moats

Disclaimer: This is not a recommendation to Buy-Sell-Hold. And I am not a SEBI registered analyst.

I am really grateful to – Mr. Neeraj Marathe Sir, Prof. Sanjay Bakshi Sir, and Mr. Vishal Khandelwal Sir.

Learning from Kite flying festival for investing in equity shares

Learning from Kite flying festival for investing in equity shares

 Shocking…. Shocking……

Yeah…. some of the common and basic learning…. 

There are lots of learning that we can learn about an investing if note down common things happening in the world. Investing is all about common sense and if we use it, we can earn from investing in equity.

For creating wealth in long-term, we need to invest in the business which having potential to go far and stay on the top. So such we can learn from kite flying.

 Let me explain it in a simple manner….

So when we select an any kite, we check that it’s not broken, suitable to fly, size & shape of kite, etc.

If kite is not proper or it broken, then difficult to fly it.

Kite as a business

Let’s consider kite as a business.

If business is not proper, huge debt or having cyclical nature, then become difficult to earn by making investing to such business. So first we need a good kite (good business) to take off.

Now, if kite is good then it can easily take off and start flying well. But what if thread is not strong????

Kite start flying but not survive in the sky and easily other kite won that battle, and easily acquire position in the sky.

USPCompetitors

Let’s consider thread as a competitive advantage (USP in a simple manner) and other kites as a competitor.

If our business doesn’t have any strong USP then competitor easily won market share. For survival to the market, business needs a strong USP which competitor cannot easily replicate and won market share. If we having strong thread means strong USP then we can able to won market share and survive for the long-term.

As no kite stay at sky for forever and at last other kite with strong thread won battle as the same no USP stay for forever but strong USP at least stay for the longer horizon and help business to survive for the long-term. Also as kite go higher and higher then become difficult for other kites to defeat that kite as the same as business and it’s USP grow stronger and stronger then it will become difficult for the other competitors to defeat that business.

At last but not the least……

We should never forget the important of the person who hold the kite and make it fly. So if u have good kite, strong thread but not a good person who make kite to fly higher then it will difficult for the kite to survive and to go higher.

But the person is strong then he makes not only good kite but also a bad kite to fly well and bring it on the higher side and stay long to sky.

Manager

Let’s consider person who hold the kite as a manger.

So if manager is not strong then business with strong USP also can’t able to survive for the longer period of time.

Bad manager destroys good business with strong USP.

Strong manager doesn’t care that business is good or not, he run it in a well manner so that business grow better and survive for the longer period of time.

Not only person who hold the kite but also the person who hold sets of thread (Firki) is also important. If he not supports well to the person who hold kite, then going higher and higher become difficult.

Partner

So the partner or key employee also supportive and working for the same vision as the manager then it will become easy for the business to grow well and survive for the longer period of time.

One bonus

If we not take care and use safety around the kite flying area, then we get damage from thread so as the same if we take over leverage and speculating then our position also become difficult to survive.

Bonus

Conclusion

Conclusion

For creating wealth through investing in equity then we need —

  • Good business
  • Strong USP
  • Strong manager
  • Strong partner or key employee